Chia was first used by the Aztecs as early as 3500 B.C. Pre-Columbian civilizations used chia as a raw material for medicines and nutritional compounds. Chia was a staple food in Aztec diet as well as versatile. It was consumed by itself, as a beverage, with other foods, grounded into flour, included in medicines, and even pressed for its oil. The Aztecs also offered chia to the gods during religious ceremonies. When the Spanish landed the to the new world in 1500s, they suppressed their traditions and commercialisation system that used to exist. Many crops that had held a major position in pre-Columbian American diets were banned by the Spanish because of their close association with religion. Chia survived only in regional area in Mexico for the last 500 years. However, one of the finest Chia in the world is currently being grown in the highlands of the Peruvian Andes.